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Who is at Risk of Glaucoma?

Risk Calculator coming soon.

Generally, two in 100 Australians will develop glaucoma in their lifetime and usually there are no apparent symptoms in the early stages of the disease. Click here to learn more about glaucoma.

Although anyone can get glaucoma, some people have a higher risk - they are those with:

  • A family history of glaucoma (see below)
  • High eye pressure
  • Age over 50
  • African or Asian descended ethnicity
  • Diabetes
  • Short or long sightedness
  • A previous history of eye injury
  • Past or present prolonged use of cortisone drugs (steroids)
  • Migraine
  • High or low blood pressure

Abridged: NHMRC Guidelines, 2010

It is recommended that people have a regular optic nerve check from age 50 and from age 40 for those of African or Asian descent. Those with a positive family history should be checked from age 35 as they have a significantly increased risk. Most people are recommended to have an eye check for glaucoma every 2-3 years or when advised by their eye health professional.



Glaucoma in families

Having a family history of glaucoma puts someone at greater risk of developing glaucoma themselves. Direct family members (parents, siblings and children) of a person with glaucoma have an almost 1 in 4 chance of developing glaucoma in their lifetime.

If you have a family member with glaucoma click here.

If you have glaucoma and are concerned about your family members, click here.